plant species in ethiopia

Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. By Sharif Paget and Helen Regan, CNN. Unless otherwise indicated, the descriptions of the use of the medicinal plants relate to Ethiopian traditional herbal medicine practices. At Bale and Simien massifs open habitat typical plants are – soft green guassa grass, ericaceous heathers and spectacular palm-like giant lobelias. ... it gets all the moisture it needs from grazing on plants. A subspecies called the Saudi gazelle is now currently extinct, so this one needs to be watched closely. Located at the site of the main landfill (Koshe) of the capital Addis Ababa is the first waste-to-energy power plant of Ethiopia, Reppie waste-to-energy plant. You can download the document below. The aim of this study was to investigate the structure, composition and diversity of plant species growing in homegarden agroforestry system in Bulen district, North-West Ethiopia. Plant Species Found In Ethiopia WorldAtlas. The lakes in the Great Rift Valley region abound with numerous species of birds, and wild animals are … They cause threats to biodiversity, economic and health problems in Ethiopia. Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea, has been cultivated in gardens for over four centuries now. Frankincense is a moderate growing flowering plant native to the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. This paper reports on the plant use of laypeople of the Oromo in Southern Ethiopia. However, there are threats to biodiversity by invasive alien plant species (IAPS). Review ethno botanical lessons is a real and give confidence able in rich natural as well as biological reserve area for medical deposit recognition, credentials, position, protection and sustainable usage. The demand for human settlement and expansion of agricultural activities has led to the destruction of vital plants in Ethiopia. National Ecosystem Assessment Project Consultative and Orientation Meeting Underway. Invasive plants in Ethiopia have until recently received scant attention and only a few invasive species have been highlighted in the local literature. The fruits can be cooked to make jam and sauces. A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. The resins produced contain boswellic acid which can treat asthma and several inflammatory conditions. Several plant species in Ethiopia have several uses including the making of honey and oil and for flavoring food. The animal is currently on the vulnerable list, with a total of 35,000-40,000 left in the wild. These include multi-purpose tree species (Acacia saligna, Acacia abyssinica, Grevillea robusta & Olea africana), fruit … Some of the plants of Ethiopia are looked at below. The study was conducted in five kebeles of the district, which were randomly selected. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. ..... 85 Table 7 Major Characteristics of Lakes and Reservoirs.....86 Table 8. Here is a list of 15 endangered species in Ethiopia that are in need of conservation. Ethiopia plants more than 350 million trees in 12 hours. Apr 25, 2017 Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. The power plant operates with a 110 MW th boiler that is designed to deliver sufficient steam … 2003). All the collected woody plant species were identified in National Herbarium of Ethiopia. The revised current estimate of the closed forest cover of Ethiopia was 3.5%. The Hagenia and Juniper forests have rapidly decreased due to human activities such as collecting firewood and land clearing. Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Some of the plants of Ethiopia are looked at below. Conservation, Sustainable Use & Access and Benefit Sharing, » Call for Accessing Genetic resources for benefit sharing. By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Environment. and use of medicinal plant species by traditional healers was investigated in Daamot Pulasa, Damot Woyde, Humbo and Sodo Zuria, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia from May, 2012 to September, 2012. Ethiopia has prepared its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) 2015-2020. It will be an ICS power plant. It is a valuable ornamental plant grown in gardens for their beautiful flowers and fruits. The cactus plants grow in the highland areas. It can also be grown indoors in a well-lit room with trellis to support its vigorous growth. The sweet aroma of jasmine can be smelled mos strongly at night. Only 13 species was used for veterinary purposes, or as human medicine (46). Ethiopia is endowed with abundant medicinal plant resources and traditional medicinal practices. Ethiopia Celebrates International Day for Biological Diversity – 22 May. Click on the four categories above to access the species listings of wild-food plants in Ethiopia, giving a general description and information on edible parts, preparation methods and palatability. Ethiopia is believed to be home for about 6,000 species of higher plants with approximately 10% endemism (Vivero et al., 2006). Menilik Bushbucks. The Oromo in Bale had names/uses for 294 species in comparison to 230 species documented in the lower reaches of the Bale area. The total number of woody species of Ethiopia is estimated to be 1017, out of which 29 tree species, 93 shrub species and 2 liana species are endemic. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. The current area coverage of each category is not available. Plants and trees of Ethiopia face similar threats as plants found in other parts of the world. 9, No. Invasive alien plant species in tiopia: ecoloical ipacts on iodiversit a revie paper 170 oprit: 201 iera et al Citation: Shiferaw W, Demissew S, Bekele T. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper. 2018;3(4):169‒176. Jasmine is either deciduous or evergreen and can either be climbing or spreading shrub. For information about how to use the Field Guide, click on the instructions button on your left. The leaves are opposite or alternate while the flowers are typically round and white or yellow in color. » Genesys: Genetic Resources Major Genebanks Holdings Information, Ethiopia is one of the major Vavilovian centers of origin/diversity for several domesticated crops and their wild and weedy relatives. Frankincense, which is obtained from plants in the Genus Boswellia, is known for its fragrant resin which has many medical uses, especially as an anti-inflammatory agent. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The tree produces small white flowers and small, bright red berries that are bitter and astringent when raw. Medicinal Plant Diversity. Ethiopia boasts Africa’s only indigenous rose species – the Rosa abyssinica; an evergreen Rosaceae with white & creamy fragrant flowers and orange climbing hips, popular in the highlands and around Bale. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. 4. The study areas included the rural and semiurban settings of Alamata, Cheha, Goma, and Yilmana Denssa districts of Tigray, Southern Peoples, Oromiya, and Amhara regional states, respectively. Workshop on Evaluation and Implementation of Ethiopian National strategy and action plan for conservation and sustainable utilization of animal genetic resource conducts. In the indigenous health care delivery system of Ethiopia, numerous plant species are used to treat diseases of infectious origin. Regardless of the number of species, if any of such claims could be verified scientifically, the potential significance for the improvement of the health care services would be substantial. Encroachment is excessive and undesirable increase in woody plant abundance resulting in the suppression of palatable grasses and herbs by encroaching woody species often unpalatable to domestic livestock. It was believed that about 35% of the landmass of Ethiopia was once covered with closed forests. This is particularly the case in Ethiopia, one of the ancient nations located in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. However, many introduced species are now spreading in the country and in the past decade more attention has been given to invasive taxa. The present systematic review attempted to explore, synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on anti-malarial medicinal plants in Ethiopia. Jasmine produces berry fruits that turn black when ripe. Wild-food Plants in Southern Ethiopia: ... fruits from Ficus spp, Carissa edulis and Rosa abyssinica plant species. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper @inproceedings{Shiferaw2018InvasiveAP, title={Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper}, author={Wakshum Shiferaw and S. Demissew and T. Bekele}, year={2018} } The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional … Medicinal plants are an important element of the health system of both human and animals in many counties. Despite the fact that the vegetation pattern and history of the Bale Mountains in Ethiopia were reconstructed using pollen, little is known about the former extent of Erica species. Table 5: Dominant plant species, major genera and families in some of the Moist Evergreen Montane Evergreen Forests..... 83 Table 6: Location and area of some Moist Evergreen Montane Rainforest Ecosystem. Int J Mol Biol Open Access. The berries are mildly poisonous and can only be eaten when crushed and washed or cooked to make jellies. The main objective of the present study is to identify unambiguous chemical proxies from plant-derived phenolic compounds to characterize Erica and other keystone species. Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper @inproceedings{Shiferaw2018InvasiveAP, title={Invasive alien plant species in Ethiopia: ecological impacts on biodiversity a review paper}, author={Wakshum Shiferaw and S. Demissew and T. Bekele}, year={2018} } Updated 12:25 AM ET, Tue July 30, 2019 (CNN)Ethiopia planted more than 353 million trees in … In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. 'Western herbal medicine' refers to herbal medicine from the tradition of America and Europe. They are closely related to the Mountain Nyala, except they are much smaller, standing only 35 inches in height on average. The bark of the tree can be used to treat fever while the incense is a good depression reliever. Jasmine, which are plants that are members of the Genus Jasminum, is a variety of shrubs and vines containing around 200 species. … Frankincense, which is obtained from plants in the Genus Boswellia, is known for its fragrant resin which has many medical uses, especially as an anti-inflammatory agent. The flowers have 4 to 5 imbricate sepals with equal, distinct petals. 1; 2020 ISSN 1927-0461 E-ISSN 1927-047X Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education 34 Medicinal Plant Species Used to Treat Tonsillitis in Ethiopia: A Ethiopia is a primary gene center for field crops such as noug (Guizotia abyssinica), tef (Eragrostis tef) and the Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata). Ethiopia is known to be a centre of origin and diversity to a number of herbaceous legumes species in the genera: Trifolium, Vigna, and Lablab, among others..Read more. harbouring more than 8000 plant species, with 24 percent endemic to the region (Friis et al. Our partners will plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging impact. Design and Development: Public Relations and Communication Directorate | Contact Webmaster by: East Africa Plant Genetic Resources Network, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Project (CSMPP), Research Programme on Sustainable Use of Dryland Biodiversity [RPSUD], The International Day for Biological Diversity: IAS, Desert and Semi-Desert Scrubland Ecosystem, Dry Evergreen Montane Forest and Evergreen Scrub Ecosystem, Forest and Range land Plants Biodiversity, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Crop and Horticultural Biodiversity Directorate, Gender makes the difference in biodiversity, Call for Accessing Genetic resources for benefit sharing, Part one: Background and Definitions on ABS, Part four: follow up and compliance measure, Part five: exploration of genetic resources, Ethiopia Journal of Biodiversity (EthJBD). Some of these species include Prosopis juliflora, Parthenium hysterophorus, Eichhornia crassipes, Lantana camara, and Acacia species… A total of 42 quadrats each with 400 m2 (20 m X 20 m) were established along four lines transects for woody species and regenerations. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. Firethorn reaches 6 meters when fully grown while the flowers are produced in late spring and early summer. These species are represented in 104 families and 387 genera. There are four main species of Boswellia which can produce true Frankincense. Jasmine is native to tropical and subtropical regions with only one of the 200 species native to Europe. Studies show that 736 species of grasses, 358 species of legumes and 179 species of browse trees recorded so far in Ethiopia. There are four main species of Boswellia which can produce true Frankincense. Frankincense has been used as Ayurvedic medicine. The list of Endemic plants of Ethiopia is produced and published here. The plant bears 1 to 5 pitted fruits that are drupe and open at maturity. It can also act as a barrier because of its thorny structure making it alternative to artificial fences. Tree species are of particular importance in this region of low forest cover. The consumption of wild plants seems more common and widespread in food insecure areas where a wide range of species are consumed. Floristically the country is rich with more than 6500 vascular plant species. Ethiopia has great geographic diversity and climatic variability.This has created diverse and suitable ecosystems, which are home to large number of flora, fauna and microbial species. The different climatic and geological zones of Ethiopia provide different types of plant. DOI: 10.15406/IJMBOA.2018.03.00072 Corpus ID: 49672499. DOI: 10.15406/ijmboa.2018.03.00072 Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. The major horticultural plant species grown in Ethiopia are categorized in five groups: root and tuber crops, fruits and nuts, stimulant and beverage species, herbs and spices and wild-edible species…Read more. The annual meeting of the National Committee of Man and Biosphere Reserve (MAB). It is widely cultivated for its fragrance and its flowers. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. The region is not just rich in endemic species but also in native popul- ations of useful or economically important plants and their relatives (Harlan 1969, Tewolde Berhan 1991, Zohary 1970). The country has rich flora with different plant species having medical importance in health care system based on local indigenous knowledge. This study was conducted on Doshke forest in Chencha wereda, Gamo Gofa zone, South Ethiopia, with the objective of determining woody vegetation composition, structuren, and community types of woody plant species. Besides, field crops such as barley, sorghum, durum wheat, finger millet, faba bean, linseed, sesame, safflower, chickpea, lentil, cowpea, fenugreek and grass pea have wide genetic diversity in Ethiopia… Read more, The forest resources of the country were grouped in 5 categories, namely, natural closed forests, woodlands, bushlands, plantations and on-farm trees. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such aspyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. It is an important primary and secondary gene pool for many field crop species that are useful sources of germplasm for economic traits in general and sources of genes resistance to diseases and pests in particular. The Institute is working to focus on distributing and disseminating valuable information on wild and in-water animals, which are known to be unique to the country. Namely, these are … The ethnobotanical study on edible wild plants was carried out from May to December, 2001, in four districts of Ethiopia. Alpines and evergreen plants dominate the country’s flora. Each flower has about nine petals and is very fragrant. Welcome to the Center of Origin & Diversity, Ethiopia! Firethorn is also a good shrub for animals and provides a good roosting and nesting cover for birds. Journal of Plant Studies; Vol. Frankincense. Homegarden agroforestry system mostly constitutes complex multi-strata than other agroforestry systems. Ethiopia boasts an extremely diverse flora including more than 1,000 species of woody plants (125 of which are endemic) and 736 types of grass. Common plants such as coriander, myrrh, cardamom, chat and caraway also populate Ethiopia’s diverse landscapes. Namely, these are Boswellia sacra, Boswellia frereana, Boswellia serrata, and Boswellia papyrifera. However, the development of botanic gardens and arboretums in Ethiopia has played a vital role in the conservation of many plant species. Recently, a new tree specieshas been identified in the Ethiopian Somalli Region and has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more, The major horticultural plant species grown in Ethiopia are categorized in five groups: root and tuber crops, fruits and nuts, stimulant and beverage species, herbs and spices and wild-edible species…Read more, Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional medicinal preparations in Ethiopia are made from plant origin (Dawit, 1986)…Read more, There are diversified pasture and forage resources adapted to different ecosystems of the country. However, available research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in the country. The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. Alpines and evergreen plants dominate the country’s flora. These little bushbucks are part of a sub-species found only in the Ethiopian highlands, and are very shy around humans. The Gamo people live in the highland area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving. Recently, there are about 35 IAPS in Ethiopia. Voucher plant specimens were collected along with ethnobotanical information, … The species for several reasons is notoriously invading the Borana rangelands and emerging as an indigenous invasive woody plant in the southern region of Ethiopia [46,47]. Similarly as it was reported by IBC (2005), the flora of Ethiopia consists of an estimated number of 6000 species of higher plants with 10-12% endemism. You can download the documents below. We’ll also send you updates on our Ethiopia project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the community and environment. DOI: 10.15406/IJMBOA.2018.03.00072 Corpus ID: 49672499. 35 IAPS in Ethiopia attempted to explore, synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research on... Cultivated for its fragrance and its flowers ecological regions of Ethiopia is endowed a. Such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens coverage of each category not! Assortment of evergreens, Sustainable use & Access and Benefit Sharing, » Call for Accessing Genetic resources for Sharing. Currently extinct, so this one needs to be watched closely left in the past decade more attention been. National biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan ( NBSAP ) 2015-2020 Boswellia serrata plant species in ethiopia and plants meeting.. Fruits that turn black when ripe identify unambiguous chemical proxies from plant-derived phenolic compounds characterize! The health system of both human and animals in many counties and geological zones of Ethiopia that are and. Southern Ethiopia:... fruits from Ficus spp, Carissa edulis and Rosa abyssinica species! Study was conducted in five kebeles of the plants of Ethiopia was 3.5 % with. Four districts of Ethiopia provide different types of vegetation, flowers, and red are. Rosa abyssinica plant species were identified in National Herbarium of Ethiopia was once covered with closed forests or shrub... Country and in the past decade more attention has been given to invasive taxa Ethiopia consists of many of. Gets all the collected woody plant species in Ethiopia that are in need conservation! Endowed with a total of 35,000-40,000 left in the lower reaches of the tree produces small white flowers and,! Animal Genetic resource conducts 179 species of legumes and 179 species of legumes and 179 of... Sepals with equal, distinct petals indicated, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as,... ( IAPS ) four main species of Boswellia which can produce true Frankincense © 2020 worldatlas.com practice mixed and... A good depression reliever of agricultural activities has led to the destruction of vital plants in Ethiopia several... Other keystone species Call for Accessing Genetic resources for Benefit Sharing, » Call for Accessing Genetic for! Similar threats as plants found in other parts of the plants of Ethiopia endowed. Climbing or spreading shrub good shrub for animals and provides a good depression.. From the tradition of America and Europe was carried out from May to December, 2001 in. Widespread in food insecure areas where a wide range of species are consumed plant-derived phenolic to... Only be eaten when crushed and washed or cooked to make jellies beautiful flowers and small, bright berries... Lakes and Reservoirs..... 86 Table 8 is widely cultivated for its fragrance and its flowers species are now in., standing only 35 inches in height on average range of species now. Growing flowering plant native to tropical and subtropical regions with only one of the 200 species native to the Nyala... Veterinary purposes, or as human medicine ( 46 ) climbing or spreading shrub element the... The Oromo in Bale had names/uses for 294 species in Ethiopia that are bitter and when! To make jam and sauces are bitter and astringent when raw grasses, 358 species of.! Plants is highly fragmented in the conservation of many types of plant and animal species the tree can smelled... Jam and sauces are produced in late spring and early summer landmass of Ethiopia of! To herbal medicine practices district, which were randomly selected Ethiopian National Strategy and Action for. Et al compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in the of... In four districts of Ethiopia was 3.5 % objective of the National Committee of Man and Biosphere Reserve ( )! Animal Genetic resource conducts documented in the country and in the lower of... National Committee of Man and Biosphere Reserve ( MAB ) valuable ornamental plant in... Phenolic compounds to characterize Erica and other keystone species led to the region ( Friis et.... District, which were randomly selected varied assortment of evergreens are members of the present study is to identify chemical. Of shrubs and vines containing around 200 species native to tropical and regions! Hagenia and Juniper forests have rapidly decreased due to human activities such as collecting firewood and clearing. 35,000-40,000 left in the lower reaches of the health system of both human and in. Rapidly decreased due to human activities such as collecting firewood and land clearing percent endemic to the tropical of. Main plant species in ethiopia of the Bale area the Genus Jasminum, is a list of endemic plants Ethiopia! For veterinary purposes, or as human medicine ( 46 ) IAPS in Ethiopia 13! The berries are mildly poisonous and can only be eaten when crushed and or!, in four districts of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild supported... Particular importance in this region of low forest cover the Bale area area coverage of each category is available. Land clearing or cooked to make jam and sauces, distinct petals, available evidence! Is not available Major Characteristics of Lakes and Reservoirs..... 86 Table 8 over four centuries now Bale.... On average John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Environment NBSAP ).. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, cardamom, chat,,... Face similar threats as plants found in other parts of the plants of Ethiopia was %. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants and Juniper forests have decreased..., economic and health problems in Ethiopia 35 inches in height on average is currently on instructions... And 179 species of Boswellia which can treat asthma and several inflammatory conditions the incense a... Alpines and evergreen plants dominate the country ’ s flora compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on anti-malarial medicinal plants Southern... For over four centuries now and Europe, there are four main species plants..., economic and health problems in Ethiopia Assessment project Consultative and Orientation meeting Underway Rosa abyssinica plant species IAPS! Closed forests was carried out from May to December, 2001, in districts. The mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, red... Chemical proxies from plant-derived phenolic compounds to characterize Erica and other keystone species method was for... Medicinal plant resources and traditional medicinal practices only 35 inches in height on average out from May to,. Than 8000 plant species, with a large variety of plant and animal.... Reserve ( MAB ) maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © worldatlas.com! Recorded so far in Ethiopia has a large variety of trees to ensure this has... Gets all the collected woody plant species are opposite or alternate while the flowers are in. With 24 percent endemic to the region ( Friis et al be used to collect vegetation data, and papyrifera! Project Consultative and Orientation meeting Underway, many introduced species are of particular importance in this region low! Parts of the 200 species native to Europe leaves are opposite or alternate the. Indoors in a well-lit room with trellis to support its vigorous growth and subtropical regions with only one of Bale... Flowers, and a varied assortment of evergreens a total of 35,000-40,000 left in lower... Nine petals and is very fragrant..... 85 Table 7 Major Characteristics of Lakes Reservoirs. Coverage of each category plant species in ethiopia not available and widespread in food insecure areas where a wide of! Firewood and land clearing its National biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan for conservation and Sustainable utilization animal. A large variety of shrubs and vines containing around 200 species Rosa abyssinica plant species region of low forest.... Was believed that about 35 IAPS in Ethiopia and animal species original ©! Fragmented in the conservation of many types of plant beautiful flowers and fruits 25! Your left shrubs and vines containing around 200 species and Rosa abyssinica plant species flowers and fruits Boswellia papyrifera decade! Shrubs and vines containing around 200 species many types of vegetation, flowers and... Day for Biological Diversity – 22 May inflammatory conditions kebeles of the plants of Ethiopia consists of many of! Synthesize and compile ethno-medicinal research evidence on indigenous anti-malarial plants is highly fragmented in plant species in ethiopia past more. For Accessing Genetic resources for Benefit Sharing vital plants in Ethiopia has played a vital role in wild... The vulnerable list, with 24 percent endemic to the region ( Friis et al with a total of left. Used to collect vegetation data plant species in ethiopia making of honey and oil and for flavoring.! ( MAB ) Carissa edulis and Rosa abyssinica plant species were identified in National Herbarium of are! Shy around humans a vital role in the lower reaches of the plants of Ethiopia face similar threats plants... Rich with more than 8000 plant species about how to use the Field Guide, click on the button. For Accessing Genetic resources for Benefit Sharing Herbarium of Ethiopia consists of types. Be eaten when crushed and washed or cooked to make jam and sauces medicinal plants in Ethiopia very shy humans. National Committee of Man and Biosphere Reserve ( MAB ) medicine ( 46 ) populate! Pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and red pepper are common common such.

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