features of computer network

1. This lesson is all about fundamentals of computer networking and we describe a list of common components of a typical small network and see how we can lay them out in network diagrams. Network provides us to communicate over the network in a fast and efficient manner. . Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2012 – 2020 BeginnersBook . Sitemap. Programs and software in any computer can be accessed by other computers linked to the network. . Many network operating systems can detect hardware within the system to allow for asset discovery within the network. Therefore, the computer network is a great way to share our knowledge and ideas. Network Characteristics Networks are broadly classified into two types: local area networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs). Answered by: Suresh from Mumbai Distributed systems only function if the interconnect is reliable. ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. Your email address will not be published. This means the network … Certified Network Support Professional. Please mail your requirement at hr@javatpoint.com. • Self-configuration and Optimization: A network should have a minimal intervention of the administrator. Backup: A computer network must have a central server that keeps the backup of all the data that is to be shared over a network so that in case of a failure it should be able to recover the data faster. JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. WAN or Wide Area Network is a computer network that extends over a large geographical area, although it might be confined within the bounds of a state or country. This section contains information about new features for familiar networking technologies. SPEED : In general, no human being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer. We can install the applications on the main server, therefore, the user can access the applications centrally. The term network services is used to describe a wide range of software and connectivity tools that are managed by a central group and distributed to the networked computers. Uses of Computer Networks. Improve the reliability of the computer system. Backup and Role back is Easy: Since files and software are on central location therefore it is easy to … Some of its main uses are as follows − Information and Resource Sharing − Computer networks allow organizations having units which are placed apart from each other, to share information in a very effective manner. Had it not been of high importance, nobody would have bothered connecting computers over a network. However, wired LANs usually requires devices like hubs, switches, or routers to accommodate more computers. Two computers can be wired to each other using an Ethernet crossover cable. Buildings with multiple wireless networks can often cause interference, which disrupts user access to the information that they may require. 1. A local area network, or LAN, consists of a computer network at a single site, typically an individual office building. File sharing is one of the major advantage of the computer network. 13.5 Link-State Routing-Update Algorithm. Network allows the security by ensuring that the user has the right to access the certain files and applications. . The response time of sending and receiving data from one node (computer in a computer network are often referred as node) to another should be minimal. Computer networking involves a process that is operated using computers, so people will be relying more of computer work, instead of exerting an effort for their tasks at hand. Computer network provides us to share the files with each other. . These are highly intelligent devices. There are also formatting rules that specify how data is packaged into sent and received messages. . It allows remote users to connect with one other via videoconferencing, virtual meetings and digital emails. . Internet is the best example of Computer network that helps you to exchange data between two or more Computers over a network. The establishment of standardized network protocols enables the exchange to take place between personal computers and the server software. By Chaitanya Singh | Filed Under: Computer Network. For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. Therefore, the computer network is a great way to share our knowledge and ideas. The key characteristics that are often used to differentiate between these two types of networks are as follows: 1. A network protocol includes all the rules and conventions for communication between network devices, including ways devices can identify and make connections with each other. The response time of sending and receiving data from one node (computer in a computer network are often referred as node) to another should be minimal. Therefore, it is easy to take the back up from the main server. over the internet. For example, we can do video conferencing, email messaging, etc. . Router operates on the network layer of OSI model using the physical layer, data link layer and network layer to provide connectivity, addressing and switching. They are listed below. Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer Networking Last Updated: 19-12-2018 Computer network is defined as a set of interconnected autonomous systems that facilitate distributed processing of information. Software and hardware compatibility: A computer network must not limit all the computers in a computer network to use same software and hardware, instead it should allow the better compatibility between the different software and hardware configuration. In Windows Vista the Network and Sharing center was pretty, what I … Scalability means that we can add the new components on the network. A network allows a user to instantly connect with another user, or network, and send and receive data. The benefits of wireless networking depend on the standard employed: Popular WLAN technologies follow one of the three main Wi-Fi communication standards. Computer networks rely upon a high-quality installation process. JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. Those diagrams are going to include different network types and we will compare and contrast different physical and logical topologies like rank and star. . Privacy Policy . For example, a company runs 100 computers over a computer network for their 100 employees, lets say they hire another 100 employees and want to add new 100 computers to the already existing LAN then in that case the local area computer network should allow this. . . Users can share a network system software and application software. . Let's start exploring the uses of Computer Networks with some traditional usecases at companies and for individuals and then move on to the recent developments in the area of mobile users and home networking. A networked computer environment occurs when multiple computers are connected to each other or a central server. Scalability: A computer network should be scalable which means it should always allow to add new computers (or nodes) to the already existing computer network. The software components are operating system and protocols. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. The hardware components are the server, client, peer, transmission medium, and connecting devices. Main benefits of networks include: File sharing - you can easily share data between different users, or access it remotely if you keep it on other connected devices. Network provides us to communicate over the network in a fast and efficient manner. . In this guide, we will discuss the features of a computer network. Your email address will not be published. Also, the sent data should be received as it is at the receiving node, which means there should not be any loss of data during transmission. Computer networks create more opportunities for information security. Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. Mail us on hr@javatpoint.com, to get more information about given services. Basic of Networking A computer network consists of a collection of computers, printers and other equipment that is connected together so that they can communicate with each other. Besides physically connecting computer and communication devices, a network system serves the important function of establishing a cohesive architecture that allows a variety of equipment types to transfer information in a near-seamless fashion. A computer network has following features: Performance: Performance of a computer network is measured in terms of response time. • Scalability: A network must work well independently of the number of nodes that compose it. All rights reserved. Developed by JavaTpoint. Computer network can use the alternative source for the data communication in case of any hardware failure. . But Computer Network main function is to provide a medium for connecting and linking to various computing devices for easy data communication. © Copyright 2011-2018 www.javatpoint.com. • Scope: A network architecture should solve so many general problems as possible. The smallest LAN may only use two computers, while larger LANs can accommodate thousands of computers. Network operating systems support the basic underlying operating features of networks. Data Sharing: One of the reason why we use a computer network is to share the data between different systems connected with each other through a transmission media. Computer networks share common devices, functions, and features including servers, clients, transmission media, shared data, shared printers and other hardware and software resources, networkinterface card (NIC), local operating system (LOS), and the network operating system (NOS). Duration: 1 week to 2 week. Advantages of computer networking. . Similarly, hardware can also be shared. Computer networking allows the sharing of a feature such as a DVD player from one computer to another in the network that does not have a DVD player, as an example of shared resources. Security: A computer network should be secure so that the data transmitting over a network should be safe from unauthorised access. The WANs are also referred to as long-haul networks. . Aside from this, they will be dependent on the main file server, which means that, if it breaks down, the system would become useless, making users idle. 1) Static … . Computer network is a group of two or more computers that connect with each other to share a resource. Since the files are stored in the main server which is centrally located. But, it decreases the speed of the connection and data of the transmission speed also decreases, this increases the chances of error occurring. The primary purpose of computer networking is to facilitate communication. DHCP. This problem can be overcome by using the routing or switching devices. 1. Sharing of devices and resources is the purpose of computer network. Reliability: There should not be any failure in the network or if it occurs the recovery from a failure should be fast. . In turn, you must have a series of parameters that allow the administrator to adjust them to obtain an opti… . A list Of Computer network features is given below. . It results in better performance with high speed of processing. Resiliency. Network and Sharing Revisions. A computer network is a group of two or more devices (nodes) linked together to enable data and resource sharing. LANs can be built with relatively inexpensive hardware, such as hubs, network adapters and Ethernet cables. These include support for processors and the various protocols that allow computers to share data. Data transfer and e-mail : Data and network file transfer is an important feature of modern LANs not only transmit files, data, information, but also can send voice, images. Network must be scalable so that we can extend the network by adding new devices. A LAN is very useful for sharing resources, such as data storage and printers. . . New Features for Additional Networking Technologies. So, we do not need to install the software on every machine. A LAN typically relies mostly on wired connections for increased speed and security, but wireless connections … Computer networks can be categorized by scale or range, connection method, functional relationship, network topology or specialized function, among others. Fig 1 gives an example of a network in a school comprising of a local area network or LAN connecting computers with each other, the internet, and various servers. Govt. A single computer can be a … A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that … • Robustness: The design of a network should allow it to function correctly, even though there are defective nodes. You can share printers, fax machines, scanners, network connection, local drives, copiers and other resources. . Types of IP addresses. . Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. 1.1. Data : Data is a raw material of information. 1. LAN(Local Area Network) Local Area Network is a group of computers connected to each other in a … . . . The IP addresses can be classified into two. . Routers are used to connect both similar and dissimilar LANs. over the internet. Computer networks have become invaluable to organizations as well as individuals. To receive consistent coverage for a computer network, there must be a minimal level of electromagnetic interference. Computer networks components comprise both physical parts as well as the software required for installing computer networks, both at organizations and at home. Should solve so many general problems as possible switching devices, PHP, Web Technology and Python well individuals... Network Characteristics networks are broadly classified into two types of networks are as follows: 1 or,... Sharing resources, such as hubs, switches, or routers to accommodate computers! Of two or more computers adapters and Ethernet cables user can access the certain files and applications topology specialized... College campus training on Core Java, Advance Java,.Net,,! 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The hardware components are the server software three main Wi-Fi communication standards – 2020 BeginnersBook features for familiar networking.! Employed: computer networks components comprise both physical parts as well as the software on every machine LANs be! Of computer network has following features: Performance of a computer network is a group of two more. For connecting and linking to various computing devices for easy data communication in case of any hardware failure when. For asset discovery within the network in a fast and efficient manner hardware failure connect with one other videoconferencing. And sharing center was pretty, what I … the primary purpose of networking... Being can compete to solving the complex computation, faster than computer types: local area network, must. 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