western sahara capital

From my trip to Morocco/Western Sahara in January 2014. The current status quo allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little conflict. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara For other uses, see, "El Aioun" redirects here. On the south side is the old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists. 'The Springs') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. El Aaiún (Laayoune): Western Sahara’s largest city, with a population of roughly 195,000, was founded by the Spanish in 1928 and has been under Moroccan control since 1976. Tifariti was originally a temporary nomadic camp situated near an oasis and a seasonal town for the Sahrawi people who have dominated the region since medieval period. Against the backdrop of the ongoing military confrontation between the armed forces of Morocco and the POLISARIO Liberation Front of the Western Sahara, the … Laayoune has a population of 217,732[1] and is the largest city in Western Sahara. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the United Nations peacekeeping mission. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas or Morocco to continue their education.[14]. The must see and do in the city. Earlier this month, the United Arab Emirates opened a consulate in the region, joining 16 African countries with representation in Western Sahara. Its capital is El Aaiún. The Kasbah and mosque in the town of Semara (Smara) are among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara. The occupation sparked a guerrilla war between Morocco and Algeria's Polisario Front that ended in 1991 after the United Nations negotiated a ceasefire and deployed a peacekeeping force. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. It is a great place to spend a day or two before you venture out to explore other desert towns and villages. For example, it had been the … Croatia’s Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman stated his country “welcomes” Morocco’s commitment to the 1991 Western Sahara ceasefire. Laâyoune (El Aaiún) is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra region administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peace-keeping mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO). On October 30, at the UN Security Council, the US expressed support for the UN-led political process in Western Sahara and urged the conflicting parties to … The city is part of what Morocco calls the “Buffer Zone” while Polisario Front refers to it as “Liberated Territory.” As of 2010, the city has a population of 3,000 people, way below the population of Laayoune. Today, the city of Tafariti is considered the de facto capital of Western Sahara. There is little agriculture in the region; camels, goats, and sheep are raised, and dried fish is exported to the Canary Islands. The United Nations considers Western Sahara a non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory. Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in north-eastern Western Sahara, 236 km from Smara, near the Mauritanian border and east of the border wall, in Polisario Front-held territory. Capital: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Largest city: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Official languages: see respective claimants: Spoken languages: Berber and Hassaniya Arabic are locally spoken. Depending on the century, Roman-era sources describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae tribes. A cathedral from that era is still active; its priests serve this city and Dakhla further south. Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. Jeunesse Massira uses Stade Sheikh Mohamed Laghdaf for training and games. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic (SADR), also known as the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic or Western Sahara, is a self-declared state that claims authority over the disputed territory of Western Sahara which is concurrently claimed and occupied by Morocco. Laayoune was founded in 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer. The city is small and easily navigable by foot. Western Sahara does not have an official national capital. Most of the buildings constructed between 1989 and 1991 through foreign aid in preparation for a referendum and return of Sahrawi refugees were destroyed by the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1991. miles) 86.8 % of the population is urban (518,663 people in 2020) The median age in Western Sahara is 28.4 years. The principal city is Laayoune, the old colonial capital. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. Prices for flights and hotels in El Aaiun. The football club of the city is Jeunesse Massira. Western Sahara ranks number 170 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. [citation needed] The claimed capital of the SADR is former Western Sahara capital El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti in 2008. The territory is located in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered to the northeast by Algeria, east and south by Mauritania, and to the north by Morocco proper. It is a growing economic hub. 'The Springs') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). Western Sahara, formerly known as Spanish Sahara, has been a subject of dispute between the Saharawi people and Morocco. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. The territory is contested by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front based in Algeria. Laâyoune (/lɑːˈjuːn/ lah-YOON,[2][3] also UK: /laɪˈ-/ ly-,[4] French: [la.ajun]) or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON,[3][5][6] Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. The territory was formerly known as Spanish Sahara until 1976 when the Spanish colonists withdrew paving the way for annexation by Morocco. Because of the unfavorable climate and political instability the region, Tifariti is not a preferred destination. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. On 18 December 2019, Comoros became the first nation to open a consulate in Laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western Sahara. In total, the population of the country reaches 510.7 thousand inhabitants. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic with an exiled government seated earlier in Tindouf, Algeria, administered Bir Lehlou as the temporary capital of the SADR, as long as the Sahrawi capital of El-Aaiun is under Moroccan control. As an independent nation, the capital of this region is Tifariti. Western Sahara occupies an area of approximately 103,000 square miles and is one of the most sparsely populated regions in the world, with a population of approximately 500,000 people of which 40% reside in the city of Laayoune. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. By John Misachi on December 10 2018 in World Facts. The total land area is 266,000 Km2 (102,703 sq. The town was the scene of the Zemla Intifada that occurred on June 17th, 1970 that culminated in a massacre, resulting in the deaths ranging from 2 to 11 people. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. The town was bombed severally by Royal Moroccan Air Force in August 1991, just days before the proclamation of the ceasefire, destroying most of the buildings. Road To Laayone Port, the roads are well developed. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. The old Spanish Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi, chiefly serves European UN personnel. Western Sahara is a disputed non-self-governing territory in northwest Africa.It is sandwiched between Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. The UN plan… Antonio Oro established the city in 1938. Currently, most governments recognize the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic which is a full member of the African Union. It is the largest and the most populous city in the region of Western Sahara, accounting for approximately 40% of the population. Due to an … Since the proclamation of the ceasefire, the government has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure. There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish government. As observed on the location map of Western Sahara (a disputed territory), it is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast in northwest Africa. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). Laayoune has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), moderated by the Canary Current with an average annual temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). Berber heritage is still evident from regional and place-name toponymy, as well as from tribal names. It is the largest and the most populous city in the region of Western Sahara, accounting for approximately 40% of the population. Western Sahara does not have an official national capital. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the … Laâyoune or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON, Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. Western Sahara: a Country or Part of Morocco? The town has a few administrative buildings and a hospital. Western Sahara (native name: الصحراء الغربية) is a country located in Northern Africa. Western Sahara is an area in North Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.Its governance is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but the majority of it is occupied by Morocco. The complex situation of the disputed territory of Western Sahara explained. For the city in north-eastern Morocco, see, Place in Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, Western Sahara, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", http://citypopulation.de/WesternSahara.html, "Diplomacy over Western Sahara: 'Morocco v Algeria'"", El colegio español en El Aaiún pide ciclo de secundaria, "First foreign diplomatic post opens in Western Sahara", "Gabon Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Sao Tome and Principe Inaugurates Consulate General in Laayoune", "Central African Republic Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Cote d'Ivoire Opens General Consulate in Morocco's Laayoune", "Burundi Opens General Consulate in Laayoune", "Eswatini Opens Consulate General in Laayoune, Southern Morocco", "Zambia Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "UAE Officially Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "Renewing the twining agreement between Central Algiers and Wilaya of El Aaiun", "Balance del viaje realizado por representantes municipales al Sahara", "Official website for Malaga's candidature for European capital of culture in 2016", "El Ayuntamiento de Lorca denuncia la agresión de Marruecos contra el Pueblo Saharaui", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laayoune&oldid=989288242, 1938 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Hassaniyya-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 03:19. 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