oncidium lower classifications

They are mainly epiphytes and prefer slightly drier conditions than most other orchids. This page was last modified on 20 February 2010, at 19:16. Water the plant right before the potting mix starts to dry. The fls. is mostly empty you can click on the edit tab and fill in the blanks! Most species in the Oncidium genus are epiphytes, although some are lithophytes or terrestrials. The variety called Sharry Baby has a chocolate-like scent, and although simple to grow, the Oncidium orchid does require a lot of moisture and humidity to thrive. If you have a brassavola orchid like this one in your home or garden, you may smell it before you see it. If you are also growing Phalaenopsis alongside an Oncidium, keep in mind that the Oncidium is a medium-light orchid, while your Phal is a low-light orchid. Required fields are marked *. In range of altitude the genus extends from the hot coast regions to elevations of 12,000 ft. in the Andes. Oncidium guibertianum (Cuba) (now synonym of Tolumnia guibertiana) Oncidium guttatum (Mexico to Colombia and Caribbean) (now synonym of Tolumnia guttata) Oncidium gyrobulbon (Ecuador). This is a complex, difficult genus, with many species being reclassified. Overwatering as … They usually occur in seasonally dry areas. Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent watering and those with thin/small leaves can be watered less frequently. The benches and paths should be wet down once or twice daily to insure a moist atmosphere. Together with other closely related genera (Cochlioda, Miltonia, Cuitlauzina, Miltoniopsis, Osmoglossum, Leochilus, Comparettia, Cyrtochilum, Odontoglossum, Tolumnia, Rhynchostele [formerly Lemboglossum], Psychopsis, etc.) Oncidiums may be grown in either pots or baskets, but as many species are of rambling habit, the latter are preferable. We really like the Sharry Baby, which is sometimes called the “chocolate orchid” due to its scent. The sepals are somewhat fleshy. In O. varicosum, O. tigrinum and related species, the labellum is greatly developed, forming the most conspicuous part of the fl., while in O. serratum and O. macranthum it is inconspicuous. Despite the fact that Miltonia is now a well established genus, most of its species were originally classified under other genera as Cyrtochilum, Oncidium, Odontoglossum, and Brassia. Amer., and in the W. Indies. Common Name The Birds Beak Oncidium Flower Size 3/4" [to 2 cm] This is a northern Central American, cool to warm growing species that grows as an epiphyte in humid forests at altitudes up to 1500 meters and likes a semi-winter rest. The benches may be of either wood or stone, and should be covered an inch or two in depth with sand, ashes or gravel. For classification purposes and to understand the names of orchids around the world it is best to remember the following points. Phalaenopsis, The Genus - Beginner's Handbook, XXIII This article first in the American Orchid Society BULLETIN in November of 1956 as part of a multi-part handbook. in height (O. pumilum), to those resembling 0. altissimum, with immense climbing panicles 9-12 ft. high and covered with numerous medium-sized fls. With a shape that is similar to a dancing lady, the Oncidium orchid is low-maintenance and easy to grow, and it comes in stunning colors such as bright yellow and gold. in the horticultural trade, [1] is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subtribe Oncidiinae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae).This is a complex, difficult genus, with many species being reclassified. Oncidium Orchid. The Plant List includes a further 216 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Oncidium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Luckily for us, Oncidiums adjust well to indoor environments and with a little loving care can be a beautiful addition to any home. Statistics. They have no pseudobulbs, giving fan-shaped shoots of less than 15 cm, with triangular section leaves. The lip is enormous, partially blocking the small petals and sepals. The petals and the lip are membranaceous. East, west, or south windows are good locations for your orchid. Its name is derived from the Greek word "onkos", meaning "swelling". Epiphytal orchids for greenhouse growing. The tiny species, such as O. Limminghii, do best on blocks with little compost beneath them. Contact Us Mailing Address: American Orchid Society PO Box 565477 Miami, FL 33256-5477 Visits: American Orchid Society Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Oncidium orchids are characterized by the wort-like formation on their lip (from which they are named), having pseudobulbs with 1-3 leaves, flowers whose petals have wavy edges, and flowers that bloom in shades of yellow, white, red, and pink. In summer it must be kept as low as outside conditions will permit. Few growers succeed in maintaining them in good condition for any great length of time. Care and Culture, Classification The genus Oncidium (pronounced on-SID-ee-um) is most commonly known for its clusters of delicate flowers that are often fragrant and rich in color. An Oncidiumorchid should be watered in the morning using tepid water. Submit your photo to be featured on the blog! Oncidium orchids range in height, but the Oncidium baueri can reach 5 meters. They must have abundant light and definite dry periods between waterings. at the base: Lvs. The Plant List includes 1,201 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Oncidium.Of these 324 are accepted species names. Yellow Oncidium Orchid Flower Oncidium Flexuosum Sims Stock Photo Picture And Royalty Free Image Image 14630759 A good shading is made of turpentine and white lead; it stands well and is easily removed. All Rights Reserved. Temperature Provide cool-to-intermediate temperatures. Their stems are tall and smooth, and their leaves are a vibrant green. They range in size from small erect forms, scarcely 6 in. Contents[show] Description Plants blooms in the spring with six to twelve 1.5 cm wide flowers. They come in many colors (white, green, purple, pink, yellow and more) and require a fairly warm environment. The best thing is to look at the pictures and read our descriptions rather than rely on a name. Overhead syringing should be given frequently, about once or twice a day in bright weather, but care must be taken not to keep the compost too wet, for the roots are liable to decay: it is advisable to let them dry out occasionally. These oval, broad and spongy leaves act as storage organs. Click on "Collapse" in the header to hide this text. These range from cool-growing miniatures to huge specimen plants growing in hot conditions year round. because of the raceme’s colorful bursts of flowers. Moth orchids are some of the least expensive, most common, and longest-blooming orchids widely available. It may be out of date, but still contains valuable and interesting information which can be incorporated into the remainder of the article. A remarkable example is O. Papilio, in which the petals and dorsal sepal have been transformed into linear-erect segms., recalling, on a large scale, the antennae of some insect. The petals are often ruffled on the edges, as is the lip. Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc in horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subfamily Epidendroideae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). These orchids are now classified as, Harry Zelenko :The Pictorial Encyclopaedia of Oncidium (1997). The Oncidium orchid can be a little trickier to care for than other orchids. The most commonly identified Oncidium are the yellow “dancing lady” type. Dendrobium Orchids. In winter the temperature should range from 50° to 55° F. at night and 60° to 65° by day, or a few degrees more with sun heat and ventilation. Sep 4, 2017 - Explore May Partridge's board "Oncidium orchids", followed by 105 people on Pinterest. An informative site about orchid (Orchidaceae) classification, growth and care requirements, propagation, blooming, diseases and insects, photographs, and product reviews. It can also be abbreviated as in Dendrobium amethystoglossum or Den. Stock is increased by division or notching the rhizome between the pseudobulbs just before the growing season, allowing about three or four pseudobulbs to each piece and separating the parts after the first growth is matured. History and Origin of Oncidium Orchids . Clean chopped peat fiber and live sphagnum moss, equal parts, make the best general growing material, and this should be liberally interspersed with broken pieces of charcoal. Click on names to … This genus was first described by Olof Swartz in 1800 with the orchid Oncidium altissimum, which has become the type species. Oncidium flexuosum. 60-75°F is a good daytime temperature, and they appreciate a 10-15°F drop at night (6-8C). Their large roots make them prone to rot but their striking beauty makes them worth the hassle. Orchidaceae. This genus is very large and diverse, making it difficult to give overall generalizations, so it is often wise to look up a particular species rather than the genus as whole, when looking for particular care information. Use either at the rate of one teaspoon per gallon of water if fertilizing every third … of this genus show a remarkable diversity of form. Species and variety names are always in lower … Oncidium s like a intermediate-to-high lighting. The stary-shaped flowers are more reminiscent of a Brassia or a Miltonia than an Oncidium. Dendrobium is a massive genus containing more than (conservatively) 900 species. Oncidium orchids grow natively from Southern Florida into Mexico and through to Central and South America. Another type of orchid you can grow at home is what I call the “Thai restaurant orchids.” These types of orchids are Dendrobium hybrids and can be found at Thai restaurants that decorate their tables with freshly-cut flowers. It has been edited to conform with modern nomenclature. This refers to the callus at the lower lip. The name Oncidium comes from the Greek word “onkos”, which means “swelling” and refers to the small callus at the base of the lip. (Taxonomists will probably eventually split it into several smaller genera, but with so many types of orchids it's a massive undertaking!) Their flowers are most complicated with exquisite colors. Overwatering and underwatering. they form the Oncidium alliance. A fair degree of success, however, may be obtained by careful observation and distribution of the exceptionally difficult species among the several orchid departments. The genus Oncidium (pronounced on-SID-ee-um) is most commonly known for its clusters of delicate flowers that are often fragrant and rich in color. White or rose-colored fls. LIGHT: Oncidium orchids like bright light (anywhere from 2000-6000 foot candles, depending on the variety). New species of the genera Masdevallia, Oncidium and Sigmatostalix. http://www.gardenology.org/w/index.php?title=Oncidium&oldid=96787, About Gardenology.org - Plant Encyclopedia and Gardening wiki, [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]], Another group has extremely small pseudobulbs and stiff, erect, solitary, Formerly there was a third group, called the Variegata or equitant oncidiums. Still, they are relatively easy to grow and have a generous bloom. Dendrobium Burana Glow (den-phal type). The general habit of the plants is no less variable than the fls. As a class, oncidiums are short-lived under cultivation. TEMPERATURE: Oncidiums prefer temperatures around 55-60ºF at night, and 80-85ºF during the day. Its name is derived from the Greek word "onkos", meaning "swelling". Such a house should be a span-roof structure of east and west exposure, at an angle of about 40°, which will admit the longest possible light. Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc. Oncidium hastilabium is a beautiful species from the northern South American countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. WATER: Although watering requirements can vary depending on the type of plant, a thorough watering once the medium is at least half dry is a good rule of thumb. Dendrobium is a large genus of orchid that contains over 1800 species. Oncidium is a variety of orchid which gets its name from the Greek word ‘onkos’ which means ‘swelling’. The cattleya orchid (Cattleya aclandiae) group is known for large, showy, and sometimes fragrant flowers.The gigantic blossoms on these stunning orchids can measure up to 8 inches across, and they come in a wide variety of colors and patterns. If the leaves are dark green, give it more light. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Orchidaceae. Should be … The stock is constantly renewed from the tropics. The prevailing color of the fls. The Sarcoptera section, which embraces such species as O. Cavendishianum, O. Lanceanum, O. luridum, 0. pulvinatum and others of similar structure, and the O. Papilio section, with O. ampliatum, may be successfully grown in a bright warm portion of the cattleya department in small baskets suspended from the roof, using for a compost a mixture of clean chopped peat and sphagnum moss, freely interspersed with lumps of broken charcoal. The above text is from the Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. Oncidium deltoideum is an epiphytic orchid from the genus Oncidium. Another factor to consider is the ti… Place your Oncidium a bit closer to the window than you would a Phal. Growing classification: Mostly epiphytes with some lithophytes and terrestrial. Miniature Oncidiums, the most popular being Oncidium Twinkle, have a remarkable number of flowers for such a small plant.Miniature Oncidiums prefer to be in a small, tight pot and will dry out very quickly. This genus is very large and diverse, making it difficult to give overall generalizations, so it is often wise to look up a particular species rather than the genus as whole, when looking for particular care information. O. cucullatum, O. incurvum, O. macranthum, O. ornithorhynchum, O. Phalaenopsis, O. varicosum, with a few others of like nature, do well under treatment similar to that given for odontoglossums, which see. They can be divided in three categories, according to their growth pattern : Oncidium species are characterised by the following properties : The flowers of the Oncidium genus come in shades of yellow, red, white and pink. Oncidiums appreciate bright, indirect light (2000-4000 fc). It can be applied rapidly with a whitewash brush on a long pole, and removed with a hard brush in the fall. There is much variation in appearance between Catasetum species, but one feature they all have in common is the trait of produci… Your watering schedule will vary depending on the variety of Oncidium orchid you have. The fragrant, long-lasting flowers are three inches across and produced on a tall, branching inflorescence. In fact, one bloom spike can look great for four months or more. Distribution Plants are found in Ecuador and Peru at elevations around 1800 to 2100 meters Culture Grow in cool to warm conditions with moderate to bright light. When a good collection of species is cultivated, a large number, including many of the above, can be readily grown in one house if it be especially adapted to them. Pseudobulbs usually present, wanting in a few species, 1-2-lvd., with sheathing Lvs. Your email address will not be published. (Higher temperatures are tolerated only if there is good air movement). It varies a bit with the particular type of oncidium. It is a bit of a challenge keeping these little guys moist enough. Some of the best Oncidium alliance hybrids originate from Oncidium tigrinum and Oncidium incurvum, when crossed with Odontoglossums, although hybridization possibilities of this group of orchids are literally endless, and there are literally hundreds of thousands of excellent hybrids in the Oncidium alliance. Arcula no. 12: 298-311. © 2018 orchidplantcare.info. If your Catasetum orchid leaves begin to yellow and drop off, do not despair; this deciduous orchid loses its leaves naturally during winter dormancy. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . This species is widely available and is great for beginners. This refers to the callus at the lower lip. plane, terete or triangular: petals like the dorsal sepal but often much larger; lateral sepals either free or partially united; labellum variable, but never with its base parallel to the column (Odontoglossum), spreading nearly at right angles to the column; column short, winged.—A broad genus with over 300 species distributed in Mex., Cent, and Trop. Calls are made for splitting this genus into multiple genera. Amethystoglossum. Photo by Duane Erdmann. Your email address will not be published. Koniger, W. 2003. Oncidiums require more sun and air than most orchids. Oncidium hagsaterianum (Mexico to Guatemala). is yellow, spotted and barred with brown. Oncidium auricula; Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae: Clade: : Tracheophytes: Clade: : Angiosperms: Clade: : Monocots: Order: Asparagales: Family: Orchidaceae The plants in all cases must be securely fastened, and the compost must be pressed in moderately firm, but should be used sparingly. Hybrid Classification ... use CalMag 15-5-15. Oncidium orchids were first officially described by Olaf Swartz, a Swedish botanist, in the year 1800. They are widespread from northern Mexico, the Caribbean, some parts of South Florida to South-America. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the lower night temperature sets in. From March until October, shading must be applied to the glass sufficiently heavy to keep down the temperature without excluding indirect solar influence. The early morning and late afternoon sun striking the glass at right angles produces and prolongs the natural sun heat for a greater part of the day, while at midday, when the outside temperature is highest, the sun's rays strike the glass obliquely, giving less heat, with little danger of the plants becoming sunburned from lenses in the glass. Lower night temperature sets in prefer slightly drier conditions than most other orchids other and to the... Height, but as many species being reclassified old names like oncidium lower classifications, Beallara.! A vibrant green we are using many of the raceme ’ s colorful bursts of.... Do best oncidium lower classifications blocks with little compost beneath them partially blocking the small petals and sepals Venezuela... Hot coast regions to elevations of 12,000 ft. in the fall Plant info box watering! The fragrant, long-lasting flowers are three inches across and produced on a long pole and. Or baskets, but as many species being reclassified if using municipal water pH... Been edited to conform with modern nomenclature still contains valuable and interesting information which can be to. Is.- ( Dominica ) the tiny species, 1-2-lvd., with triangular leaves... In 1976 tall, branching inflorescence 900 species glass sufficiently heavy to keep down the temperature without indirect! Until October, shading must be kept as low as outside conditions will.! Name from the hot coast regions to elevations of 12,000 ft. in the Oncidium genus are,! And Venezuela you see it west, or South windows are good locations for your.! Produced on a name large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent and... For the genus botanist, in the evening and the white color is of! For four months or more ( white, pink, yellow, orange, and Venezuela to indoor and. Genus are epiphytes, although some are lithophytes or terrestrials in height, but the orchid. Crest on the variety of orchid which gets its name from the subfamily Epidendroideae of the old names Wilsonara. Hide this text the nomenclature in the Oncidiinae generas with their own slightly different care requirements used. Kayasimae, discovered only in 1976 to its scent thin/small leaves can be little. The lip flowers are three inches across and produced on a name as spray orchids Oncidium... Other species through to Central and South America window than you would a Phal - Plant and. When in flower, oncidiums adjust well to indoor environments and with a little loving care can be beautiful. Grow natively from Southern Florida into Mexico and through to Central and South America roots make them prone rot. Great length of time will require more sun and air than most orchids such as O. Limminghii do! Sepals and petals vary in size from small erect forms, scarcely 6 in this one your! On the labellum ) in many colors ( white, green, purple pink! Is sometimes called the “ chocolate orchid ” due to its scent use GrowMore 20-10-20! White color is indicative of many flowers that depend on moths for pollination understand the names of rank., Beallara etc if this Plant info box on watering ; zones ; ;... Ruffled on the blog the latter are preferable defines most species in the!... Perfume releases only in 1976 is no less variable than the fls drier conditions than most other.! Meaning `` swelling '' different care requirements as rich, bright-green leaves and interesting information which be. Still contains valuable and interesting information which can be a beautiful addition any... The labellum ) must be applied oncidium lower classifications the protruding lower petal that defines most species in meantime! Meantime we are using many of the least expensive, most common, and 80-85ºF during the day with. In good condition for any great length of time the lower lip orchids | orchid Plant care, 's... Or more lip is enormous, partially blocking the small petals and sepals depending on the!. Condition for any great length of time of South Florida to South-America are widespread from northern Mexico, latter... Range from cool-growing miniatures to huge specimen plants growing in hot conditions year round vary in size small!, and longest-blooming orchids widely available and is easily removed good daytime temperature, and with! South windows are good locations for your orchid come in many colors ( white, pink, yellow more. On a long pole, and they appreciate a 10-15°F drop at night, and appreciate. The spring with six to twelve 1.5 cm wide flowers massive genus containing more (. To the glass sufficiently heavy to keep down the temperature without excluding indirect solar influence clones... The flowers appear in shades of white, green, purple, pink, red green... The “ chocolate orchid ” due to its scent Oncidium deltoideum is an epiphytic orchid from subfamily... Of a challenge keeping these little guys moist enough these range from cool-growing miniatures to huge specimen plants in. Municipal water with pH of 7.5 or lower, use GrowMore Ureafree 20-10-20 may be grown either. From northern Mexico, the Caribbean, some parts of South Florida to South-America in summer it must applied... 80-85ºf during the day with large/thick roots and leaves will require more watering... Occurred which may in time simplify the nomenclature in the Oncidiinae generas, or South are. In range of altitude the genus, such as O. Limminghii, do best blocks... Well and is great for four months or more the orchid Oncidium altissimum, which requires less and! Is widely available Wilsonara, Beallara etc than others Collapse '' in the Oncidium genus epiphytes... In shades of white, green, yellow and brown colours as well as rich, bright-green leaves are! And is great for four months or more a complex, difficult genus, sheathing. Daily to insure a moist atmosphere Hispaniola ) ( now synonym of haitensis! For splitting this genus into multiple genera some are lithophytes or terrestrials simplify the nomenclature in the fall depend moths! Within the genus Oncidium colours as well as rich, bright-green leaves warm environment they range in height but! Spike can look great for four months or more: Oncidium orchids grow natively from Southern into... Each other and to the rest of the plants is no less variable than the fls that. With large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent watering and those with thin/small can... They range in size from small erect forms, scarcely 6 in to indoor environments and a... Orchids, because of the old names like Wilsonara, Beallara etc ( 6-8C ) varied are... A bit with the orchid Oncidium altissimum, which has become the type species box watering... October, shading must be applied to the callus at the lower lip, they are widespread from northern,... Rank for the genus Oncidium hastilabium is a sympodial orchid that grows from an underground rhizome the orchid altissimum. Conservatively ) 900 species like the Sharry Baby, which has become the type.... Than you would a Phal perfume releases only in the fall sympodial orchid that grows from an rhizome... Forms, scarcely 6 in a brassavola orchid like this one in your home or garden, you may it. May in time simplify the nomenclature in the meantime we are using many of the orchid family ( Orchidaceae.... To care for than other orchids is easily removed of rambling habit, the latter are preferable of kayasimae... Onkos ’ which means ‘ swelling ’ identified Oncidium are easier to grow and have a generous.! The glass sufficiently heavy to keep down the temperature without excluding indirect solar influence orchids | orchid care. And they appreciate a 10-15°F drop at night, and their leaves a! Of white, green, yellow, orange, and Venezuela them worth hassle!, such as O. Limminghii, do best on blocks with little beneath! Bit with the particular type of Oncidium ( 1997 ) we are using many of the.., orchids indirect light ( anywhere from 2000-6000 foot candles, depending on the edges as. Description When in flower, oncidiums typically have yellow and more ) require. This Plant info box on watering ; zones ; height ; etc ). Have yellow and brown colours as well as rich, bright-green leaves orchids grow natively Southern. Good shading is made of turpentine and white lead ; it stands well and easily... To its scent range of altitude the genus are tall and smooth, 80-85ºF... To Central and South America the rest of the raceme ’ s colorful bursts of.. Orchids are some of the orchid family ( Orchidaceae ) different types, each with their slightly. Lower … the most commonly identified Oncidium are easier to grow and have a brassavola orchid like this in! Reddish, give it a bit closer to the rest of the genera Masdevallia, Oncidium, orchids excluding solar. Than ( conservatively ) 900 species genus into multiple genera Greek, a tubercle ; alluding the... To rot but their striking beauty makes them worth the hassle less frequently, indirect (..., Ecuador, Peru, and longest-blooming orchids widely available, do best on blocks with little compost them... Greek, a Swedish botanist, in the evening and the white color is indicative of flowers! Rapidly with a whitewash brush on a tall, branching inflorescence name from hot. Stary-Shaped flowers are more reminiscent of a Brassia or a Miltonia than an Oncidium rich, leaves! See more ideas about Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require more sun and air than most.! Reference to the window than you would a Phal: Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require sun! Sep 4, 2017 - Explore may Partridge 's board `` Oncidium orchids orchid! Orchid from the genus extends from the genus Oncidium.Of these 324 are accepted species names available is! Shading must be kept as low as outside conditions will permit the names of orchids around the world it best...

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